Mrs. Rousseff the first female president of Brazil was on August 31 2016 impeached .
Mrs Rousseff brought the senate’s wrath because she plugged budget deficits by moving funds between government budgets, which is illegal under Brazilian law.
Critics, citing the illegality of her actions, also said that she was concealing the country’s economic problems in order to increase her chances of being reelected in 2018.
Mrs. Rousseff stated that her impeachment was a response by corrupt politicians scared by her investigations into the national oil company Petrobas and other reforms she instituted.
Her former Vice President, later political opponent, Michel Temer, of the PMDB party, is expected to be sworn in Wednesday evening and serve Mrs. Rousseff’s remaining presidential term—until January 1st, 2019.
But the 75-year-old law professor has played a key role in the impeachment proceedings against President Dilma Rousseff. Under Brazil’s constitution, he became acting president after the Senate voted in favour of launching an impeachment trial against Ms Rousseff, suspending her.
Mr Temer is a discreet politician who seems always to be hovering around the centre of everything important, yet – up until now – never in the spotlight.
But recently he has come out of the shadows, as a skilled politician intent on ending the Rousseff presidency and beginning a new era in Brazil.
Open battle Between Mr Temer and Flossed.
In April, the battle between Mr Temer and Ms Rousseff for Brazil’s top job finally came out into the open.
Mr Temer sent a WhatsApp recording to a few MPs with a draft of the speech he had prepared in case Ms Rousseff lost the 17 April impeachment vote in the lower house.
In it, he outlined how Brazil needed a “government to save the
Mr Temer said the message was sent by mistake, but Ms Rousseff accused him of deliberately releasing his speech.
Furthermore she accused both Mr Temer and Mr Cunha of being “chief and vice-chief of a coup” against her.
Both men denied they were conspiring for Brazil’s top job. In the days leading to the 17 April vote, both Mr Temer and Mrs Rousseff met dozens of lawmakers, with some accounts of tough negotiations of jobs and promises in exchange for votes in Congress from both sides.
So what could Brazilians expect now?
In October 2015, the PMDB launched a manifesto called Bridge
to the Future, which outlined what policies they would defend
within the coalition.
Most policies are popular with businesspeople and investors
and would go a lot deeper into rebalancing Brazil’s budget
than President Rousseff has done so far – such as creating a
minimum age for retirement, changing the scope of social
programmes, opening up the oil sector, making labour laws
more flexible and cutting mandatory spending in health and
However, many of those policies are likely to find a lot of
“It is the type of programme that even a government that was
elected by the people with total legitimacy from the vote
would have a very hard time approving in the middle of such a
big crisis,” says economist Laura Carvalho, from USP
“They will try to push that through and there’s going to be a
lot of resistance from social movements and labour unions.”
Swiss bank accounts
Mr Temer has signalled he may approach the opposition PSDB
party to secure a majority in Congress – but that would be a
hard sell for many, as the majority of Brazilians rejected the
party in the 2014 elections.
There are also questions of how Mr Temer would handle
corruption investigations, as his party features prominently in
many scandals, including the speakers of the Senate, Renan
Calheiros, and the former speaker of the lower, Mr Cunha.
Mr Cunha was suspended from the post of lower house
speaker earlier this month over allegations he tried to obstruct
a corruption investigation against him.
So far Ms Rousseff has refrained from intervening in the
Federal Police and court investigations into alleged corruption
at state oil firm Petrobras – even when the scandal caused
serious damage to her party.
Would Mr Temer do the same?
He is not under direct investigation, but Mr Cunha – a
powerful ally who has led much of the impeachment process
that may benefit Mr Temer in the end – is alleged to hold
millions of dollars in Swiss bank accounts. Mr Cunha denies
There is a public outcry against Mr Cunha, so Mr Temer will
be under pressure to turn against him and keep investigations
During many occasions throughout the current crisis, Ms
Rousseff has stressed that she was elected by 54.5 million
Brazilians in 2014 and therefore has legitimacy to lead the
As her vice-president, Mr Temer indirectly received the same
He will now lead the whole nation – even those who until a
few weeks back did not even know who he was.
News source : BBc news