Salt is a seasoning that can flavour food and act as a preservative. It’s about 60 per cent chloride and about 40 per cent sodium, hence the chemical name is sodium chloride. Nearly all unprocessed foods such as vegetables, fruits, nuts, meats, whole grains and dairy foods, are low in sodium. The salt that we do eat helps relax and contract muscles, lends a hand with nerve impulses, and balances the minerals and water we take in.

The human body body needs only a small amount of sodium. We should get about 1,500 milligrams of it every day. But studies done America have established that the average American takes in about 3,400. Too much salt can lead to a stroke, heart disease, and high blood pressure. But how do you know if you take in too much salt? As always, the body shows signs that give a good indication that you are taking too much salt. It is to be noted that it is the sodium in salt and MSG and its excess in the body that is the culprit and constitutes the danger to health. 

You’re bloated

Bloating, which is when your stomach feels swollen or tight, is one of the most common short-term effects of having too much salt. It helps your body retain water, so extra fluid builds up. Foods don’t have to taste salty for them to be high in sodium. A lot of fast foods, stew, soup, biscuits, meat pie, pizza, roasted groundnut, mayonnaise and several other foods we eat contain salt, which may come from addition of salt or “hidden” in popular seasonings in cube form which all contain monosodium glutamate (MSG).

Your blood pressure is high

There are lots of reasons you might have high blood pressure, but one could be too much sodium. The change in blood pressure happens through your kidneys. Too much salt makes it harder for them to get rid of fluid that you don’t need. As a result, your blood pressure goes up.

You’re puffy

Swelling can be a sign of too much sodium in your body. Body parts like your face, hands, feet, and ankles are most likely to swell. If you’re more puffy than usual, take a look at how much salt you’re eating.

You’re really thirsty

If you’ve been really thirsty lately, it could be a sign that you’re eating too much salt. When that happens, you become dehydrated. Your body pulls water from your cells, and you might start to feel very thirsty. Drinking water can help neutralize that salt and can freshen up your cells.

You’ve gained weight

When you retain water, you might gain weight. If you’ve put on kilogrammes quickly over a week or even a few days, it could be because you’re having too much salt. If you gain more than 2 pounds in a day or 4 pounds in a week, think back to the foods you ate during the past few days and try to make changes to cut down on the salt.

You use the restroom a lot

More salt could lead to more trips to the bathroom. This could be because salt can make you very thirsty, which might encourage you to drink more water. Later on, you might have to go to the bathroom more than usual.  

You aren’t sleeping well

If you eat too much salt before bed, it can lead to disturbances in your sleep. Signs can range from restless sleep, to waking up often at night, to not feeling rested in the morning.

You feel weak

When there’s too much salt in your blood, water gushes out of your cells to thin out the salt. The result? You might start to feel weaker than usual.

Your stomach bothers you

If too much salt in your diet makes you dehydrated, your stomach will feel it. You might feel nauseated, or you might have diarrhea. If your stomach is upset or you have cramps, take a look at what you’ve been eating during the past few days and figure out how to cut back on the salt. Drinking plenty of water can help rehydrate your cells and get you feeling better.

Long-term effects of too much salt

Although there are lots of short-term effects to watch out for, there are also long-term effects of eating too much salt. It might raise your chances of things like enlarged heart muscle, headaches, heart failure, high blood pressure, kidney disease, kidney stones, osteoporosis, stomach cancer, and stroke.

How to cut down on salt

Since nine out of 10 people get too much sodium, chances are, you might take in too much as well. To help keep your levels in check, take the following steps:

Choose fresh meats instead of packaged ones. 

Read labels and check the sodium content in the foods you buy.

When choosing spices and seasonings, go for ones that do not list sodium on their labels.

If you eat out, you can ask for your dish to be prepared without salt.

Adapted  from webmd.com

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